Red Light Therapy & Fat Loss

In studies, near-infrared and Red Light Therapy have helped shave an entire 3.5 to 5.17 inches off waist and hip circumference by reducing the fat mass layer in just four weeks of use. In another study of 86 individuals using Red Light Therapy at 635nm for 20 minutes every other day for two weeks, study participants lost 2.99 inches across all body parts — yes, 3 inches — in just 14 days of Red Light Therapy.

Where red/NIR light therapy really shine is when combined with exercise.

Some research shows that near-infrared light therapy can dramatically enhance — nearly double — fat loss from exercise, as compared to people doing just the exercise routine without the NIR light therapy.

You Want Therapeutic Wavelengths that Achieve Real Results When choosing the right near-infrared and red-light therapy light device, you want to select a device that’s long-lasting, has a great warranty, is well-manufactured, and most importantly, one that offers the correct wavelengths at the right power density over a large area.

I cannot emphasize this enough: When choosing a red light or near-infrared light device, you want to be extremely careful to choose wisely, based on the wavelength and power density levels of the device. Wavelength and intensity makes all the difference between incredible benefits and no benefits. Again, not all wavelengths are equal — nor all devices.

Look for wavelengths in the proven therapeutic ranges. Based on the bulk of the research, you want: • 630-680nm (the optimal healing spectrum of red light) • 800 to 880nm (the optimal healing spectrum of near-infrared) • IDEALLY a combination of both All light wavelengths above 1000nm will produce heat.

Bulbs that use wavelengths above 1000nm can therefore not be applied close to the body for longer periods of time. For this reason, red light therapy devices use LED lights, so that only the most therapeutic wavelengths that do not emit any heat can be used.

The fact that red light therapy devices do not emit any heat is advantageous, as a lot more red light can be applied to the body for longer periods of time, without overheating the body in the process.

Why Power Density of The Light Matters Power density is also important because your cells need to receive a certain intensity of red light to benefit.

Remember, to know power density, you simply need to know the wattage of the light and the treatment area. We want a sizable light that has a power density from close range. That’s what will allow us to get up to the therapeutic levels that are used in the studies – especially for the deeper tissues.

Utilizing a device with a high power output that also treats a large area at once, that’s where the magic is. Higher powered devices, like the Body Balance System Ultimate Zero Gravity Bed, deliver 95mW/cm2! This is a huge benefit.

Having a high-power light that is also large enough in size allows you to treat large areas of your body at once in just a few minutes. You can treat an area like the face, the whole torso or legs, or even do multiple parts of the body and effectively, the entire body, in just a few minutes!

 

Where Does The Fat Go?

Where does the Glycerol Go?

The liberated Glycerol is not utilized again for triglyceride synthesis, it can diffuse rapidly into the blood and once passed into the blood and once passed into circulation undergoes a dilution process.  Glycerol will diffuse widely and rapidly throughout the total body water, disappears from the bloodstream, and appears in the urine.  The rate of turnover (and the metabolic disappearance of Glycerol from the plasma) is estimated to be about thirty minutes.  Glycerol is rapidly excreted in the urine. 

Additionally, after being released from the adipose tissue, Glycerol is passed through the bloodstream for a return to the liver for conversion into the useful energy source of Glucose.

Light Emitting Diodes

During the last four decades, technical progress in the field of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) has been remarkable. State-of-the-art LEDs are small, rugged, reliable, bright, and efficient.

LEDs were discovered by accident in 1907.  They became forgotten only to be rediscovered in the 1920s and again in the 1950s.  In the 1960s, three research groups, one working at General Electric Corporation, one at MIT Lincoln Laboratories, and one at IBM Corporation, pursued the demonstration of the semiconductor laser.  The first viable LEDs were by-products in this pursuit.  LEDs have become amazing devices in their own right and today possibly are the most versatile light sources available to the world.

Differences between LED and Laser

LED is a non-coherent light

LED has a narrow band of monochromatic color

LED has a specific wavelength (635 nm red and 880 nm IR)

 

The Laser is coherent light

The Laser is pure monochromatic

The Laser has a single specific wavelength

 

Light Bulb is diffused light, multi-directional

Light Bulb is polychromatic white light with multiple wavelengths

 

Wavelength

Wavelength is measured in nanometers.  These settings in the LED probes cannot be changed.  Our Red Light LED probes to have a wavelength of 635 nm.  Our Infra-Red Light LED probes have a wavelength of 880 nm.

These wavelengths are readily absorbed by the mitochondria and therefore are potentially stimulatory.

They are an excellent source of stimulation for a range of growth factors.

Most importantly, these wavelengths target the cell membrane and allow the release of fat from the cells.

 

Where’s the Fat?

Adipose or fatty tissue is the body’s means of storing metabolic energy over extended periods.

Depending on the current physiological condition, adipocytes store fat derived from the diet and liver metabolism or degrades stored fat to supply fatty acids and glycerol to the circulation.

These metabolic activities are regulated by several hormones (i.e., insulin, glucagon, and epinephrine.)

The location of the adipose tissue determines its metabolic profile: “Visceral Fat” is located within the abdominal wall

 (i.e., beneath the wall of the abdominal muscle) whereas “Subcutaneous Fat” is located beneath the skin and includes fat that is located in the abdominal area beneath the skin but above the abdominal muscle wall.

 

Why Do We Store Fat?

Fat is produced by the body when an excess intake of calories in the form of food or drink occurs.

When the diet provides the body with more calories than it requires general maintenance and its current level of physical activity, this excess energy is stored in the form of body fat.

Our body tends to deposit fat according to our genetic code.  In other words, hereditary characteristics may dictate the areas in your body that accumulate fat.

Where Do We Store The Fat?

If you are a typical female you will accumulate fat predominantly below the waist in the lower abdomen, buttocks, hips, and thighs), creating a “Pear Shape”.

The typical male tendency is to accumulate fat predominantly above the waist around the midriff creating the “Apple Shape”.

Interestingly fat cells generally do not generate after puberty as your body stores more fat, the number of fat cells remains the same.

The Adipose Cell

The removal of excess fat is by a reversal of the bodily processes that store excess energy.  If you increase your physical activity and do not increase your intake of food, you will draw the extra energy needed from your stored body fat.

Your weight is determined by the rate at which you store energy from the food that you eat, and the rate at which you use that energy.

Remember: As your body breaks down fat, the number of fat cells remains the same, while each fat cell gets smaller.

For each pound of body fat we hope to lose we must remove 3500 cals through our diet and exercise.

Laboratory studies demonstrate that standard Lipo-Laser treatment releases approximately 40-60 grams of fat per treatment.

Skin Anatomy

The skin is an ever-changing organ that contains many specialized cells and structures.

The skin functions as a protective barrier that interfaces with a sometimes hostile environment.

It gathers sensory information from the environment and plays an active role in the immune system protecting us from the disease.

The subcutaneous layer is where we can store fat and is located and is located approximately 7-11 mm below the surface of the skin.

How Fat Enters Our Body

When you eat food that contains fat, mostly triglycerides, it is absorbed through the digestive tract.

Several hormones and enzymes are secreted in response to changes in blood sugar which can cause the body to use fats

as energy or store them for later use.

Insulin plays an important role in how these fats are used in different areas of the body, especially those in the liver, muscle, and fat tissue.

Hormones At Play

The body has a physiological predisposition to balance its energy needs with its desire for food.

The hormones and brain communicate to determine when an individual is full.  The brain issues a signal that says, “Stop eating” with the help of the information it receives from hormones.

Prolonged food shortages, chronic stress, sedentary lifestyle, and other factors can affect how the brain orchestrates this balance.

The brain will often respond to stress by encouraging the intake of high fat and sugary foods and comfort foods that can result in obesity, which is nearly impossible to reverse.

Hormone Cascades Affecting Fat Metabolism

Lipids are a diverse group of compounds that have many key biological functions, such as acting as structural components of cell membranes, serving as energy storage sources and participating in signaling pathways. 

There are hundreds of hormones and chemical pathways that affect the way we store or use fat as energy.

When hormones signal the need for energy, fatty acids and glycerol are released from triglycerides stored in fat cells (adipocytes) and are delivered to organs and tissues in the body.

Saturated vs Unsaturated Fat

Saturated Fats are said to be saturated with hydrogen atoms.  The chain of carbon atoms cannot accept any more hydrogen atoms.

Unsaturated Fats are said to be unsaturated with Hydrogen atoms which result in carbon atoms with a double bond between them and fewer hydrogen atoms.

When the molecular bonds break down in the body, the stored energy in the bonds are released.  Because Unsaturated Fats have fewer Hydrogen atoms (which are used during respiration of the body’s muscles), the molecule requires less exercise to break the bonds.

Saturated Fats

These fats are derived from animal products such as meat, dairy, and eggs.  But they are also found in some plant-based sources such as coconut, palm, and palm kernel oils.  These fats are solid at room temperature.  Saturated fats clog our arteries and directly raise total and LDL (bad) cholesterol levels.  Hence, doctors recommend avoiding them as much as possible.

Trans-Fats or Hydrogenated Fats 

Trans-fats are unsaturated fats but they can raise total and LDL (bad) cholesterol levels while also lowering HDL (good) cholesterol levels.  Trans-fats are used to extend the shelf life of processed foods such as cookies, cakes, fries, and donuts, to name a few.  Any item that contains “hydrogenated oil” or “partially hydrogenated oil” likely contains trans-fats.  Hydrogenation is the chemical process that changes liquid oils into solid fats.  The tide is turning against trans-fats.  Since January 2006, all food manufacturers are required to list trans-fat content on food labels

Unsaturated Fats

Monosaturated Fats and Polyunsaturated Fats are two types of unsaturated fatty acids.  They are derived from vegetables and plants.

Monosaturated Fats are liquid at room temperature but begin to solidify at cold temperatures.  This type of fat is preferable to other types of fats and can be found in olives, olive oil, nuts, peanut oil, canola oil, and avocados.  Some studies have shown that these kinds of fats can lower LDL (bad) cholesterol and maintain HDL (good) cholesterol.

Polyunsaturated Fats are also liquid at room temperature.  These are found in sunflower, sesame, corn, cottonseed, and soybean oils.  This type of fat has also been shown to reduce levels of LDL cholesterol.